Disruption

A new technology is said to be disruptive when it achieves at least a tenfold improvement in price/performance compared with existing technology.

In the article "kWh as a medium of exchange" there is one particular clause that deserves highlighting, "An open source, wireless Internet router with a software defined radio that can operate at frequencies from 1 MHz to 60 GHz for a price of 500 kWh."

The pCell software defined radio (SDR) developed by Artemis may be the most advanced such device at this time, and may qualify as a disruptive technology.

The SDR radio in the pWave Mini, which is about the size of a piece of chalk, has these specs, "70MHz — 6GHz, LTE Bands 1-71, TV Channels 5-50, Licensed, Shared, Unlicensed, White Spaces, TDD/FDD, VLAN-based Neutral hosts".

The remarkable thing about the pWave radio is, aside from that it works at such a wide band of radio spectrum, from 70 MHz to 6 GHz, is that it can sense the collisions of radio waves of the same frequency, and derives information about these signals that allows it to provide the same speed of Internet connection to many devices that are operating at the same frequency.  With previous technology, the collision of radio waves caused a loss of ability to receive the signal.  Instead, the pWave radio thrives on this "interference." 

There are a number of video presentations and demonstrations of the abilities of the pWave technology in a controlled indoor setting.  The demonstration that I would like to see is several cars driving around a race track, and measuring the speed of Internet connections at the same narrow band of radio frequency for several handheld computers in each of the cars.  Does the pWave radio work as well in a mobile, outdoors setting as it does indoors?

If it is true that pWave radios can connect multiple Internet devices at the same radio frequency as well as it can connect a single device at that frequency, then the shortage of radio spectrum has ended, and we have entered the age of abundance. 

The best way to upgrade the billions of existing smartphones, as well as tablets and other personal computers, might be to design cases for the devices that contain pWave radios.  Instead of attaching the radios to buildings, we would carry them with us in our mobile Internet devices.  The more people who are using these radios, the better the connection for everyone. 

The rest of the infrastructure that would be needed would be so inexpensive on a per capita basis that it would probably be too cheap to meter.  We may finally get to use that phrase honestly with respect to the cost of connecting with the Internet. 

Of particular interest is the distance that a 1 watt radio signal can travel at the radio frequencies closest to the 70 MHz minimum of the pWave software defined radio.  The slower the frequency, the longer the wavelength, and longer wavelength radio signals travel around and through buildings and trees much better than the microwave frequencies above 2 GHz.  The 70 MHz signals might travel miles instead of the feet of WiFi signals at 2.4 GHz. 

With gigabit per second speeds per user in just the 70 MHz to 700 MHz band of the radio spectrum, and with a transmission range of miles, the cost per user for all of the other infrastructure to connect a local community to the Internet backbone should be as little as a dollar or few, which is too little to charge on a per person basis.  Prepaid, public Internet access at gigabit speeds for mobile devices with no charge to the user at the time of use, or even on a monthly basis.  It's just something that we do for each other. 

The disruptive thing really begins when we convene the World Congress with virtually all of humanity present.  There may be no way around some disruption in order for us to be about the work of creating a more egalitarian system of government. 

As of December 2, 2017, I have received no additional information from Artemis to my queries about their pWave software defined radio.  

Not to put all of one's eggs into a single basket, another project that is working on a SDR is GNU Radio.  It is an open question as to whether a machine learning model can learn to use this SDR to deliver the best quality of Internet connection possible to any device anywhere in the world by using frequencies anywhere from 1 MHz to 60 GHz in the radio spectrum.  
John Kintree

updated December 2, 2017

original November 26, 2017